Perché mi chiedono l'email per farmi leggere l'articolo?
Non puoi fare un copia-incolla?
Astro ti puoi fidare è un sito serio...
ma è un forum come questo e dovrei postarti anche i commenti degli utenti.
cmq ecco quanto richiesto.
★What happened to the technology that created the Antikythera mechanism?
The Antikythera mechanism was probably created around 150 BC. The technology that created it must have been extremely sophisticated - and yet, it seem like it was the peek of Roman/Greek technology, even though the Roman empire was around until at least 427 AD. Why hasn't the technology developed further?
Tim O'Neill, Atheist, Medievalist, Sceptic ... (more)
21 upvotes by Andrew Warinner, Toni Shuma, Juergen Nieveler, (more)
While the Antikythera instrument is remarkable because it is the only mechanism of its type to have been found by archaeologists, it was not unique. We have several references in ancient literature to calendrical mechanisms or instruments that calculated the position of the sun and planets. There is no doubt that these machines were very rare, but that's because very few people had both the interest in owning one or the money to have one made. The only people with both would have been nobles with an academic interest in astronomy, though the mechanism may have had particular practical purposes now unknown to us (eg calculating dates for rotating religious festivals).
Since the Antikythera instrument is a unique find, it has attracted a lot of attention and speculation, But many of the claims made about the technology levels needed to make it are highly exaggerated. The machine does have a large number of precise metal gears, but precision of this kind does not require any vast leaps forward in technology. Since it's clear that this example was not unique and was certainly not the first of its kind, there was obviously a long period before its construction in which the gearing mechanism was developed and simpler versions of this kind of machine were made.
As for why the technology was not developed further, it's hard to see what it would be developed into or what would drive such a development. Such machines existed as early as the Third Century BC and continued to be made, though with less complexity as far as we know, long afterwards, by both the Arabs and the Byzantines. Arab geared instruments were known and further developed in Medieval Europe and these in turn gave rise to the development of highly complex astronomical clocks - instruments far more complex than the Antikythera mechanism with the added complexity of being automatic and driven by weights and pendulums. So the technology was developed further though it took the revival of astronomical learning in Europe to stimulate the interest and provide an interested institution rich enough to find such specialised machines. Perhaps if the ancient world had an institution like the Medieval Church these complex astronomical clocks would have been developed much sooner.